How does a Permanent Magnet Generate a Magnetic Field?

Update:13 Oct 2021

Considering the inherent strength of magnets (relative to mass and weight), magnets can be used in many different applications. Since electromagnets can be turned off and on, they can be used in powerful equipment and vehicles, such as magnetic levitation or magnetic levitation trains. However, permanent magnets are also very versatile and robust components in countless applications.

A magnet is any material or substance that projects a magnetic field. A magnetic field is a type of vector field, which aligns the charges on the dipoles. Magnets have both a south pole and a north pole, and they align with the magnetic south and north poles of the earth (and are not fixed points on the map, but are usually located in the changing area of ​​the north and south poles in the geographic area). It's like two poles repel each other, not like two poles attract each other. Ferromagnetic materials (that is, materials that contain a certain amount of iron) can usually be permanently magnetized with a sub-base: if the magnet is heated to a known high temperature, they may lose magnetism. This can be solved by slowly cooling the magnet for remagnetization.

Scientists use four basic methods to classify magnets according to how they are used. We list the following categories:

1. The attractive or repulsive force of a magnet.

2. The ability of a magnet to convert electrical energy into mechanical force.

3. The ability of a magnet to convert mechanical force into electrical energy.

4. The ability of the magnet to affect the beam.

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